How Does Social Media Track Your Data? [Must-Know]

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how does social media track your data

In today’s digital age, social media has become an important part of our lives. It connects us with friends, family, and the world at large.

However, while we enjoy the convenience these platforms offer, it’s crucial to understand how they monitor and use our data.

Read on to learn how tracking endangers your privacy and security and how you can take back control.

How does social media track your data?

Social media platforms and their partners record and monitor your data with cookies and tracking pixels. They also mine the information you openly provide on your account.

Additionally, they may collaborate with third-party data brokers and advertising networks. That way, social media can build an increasingly detailed user profile.

firefox tracker protection on twitter

Yes, your data is used to improve the apps and websites from a technical standpoint. But it’s also a huge advertising money maker.

Ever wondered why you get eerily accurate advertisements for products?

Here’s more about how it’s done:

Tracking cookies

Every time your device loads content, these small text files are stored in the background.

They allow social media platforms and their partners to monitor your browsing habits. That includes the pages you visit, posts you like, and ads you click on.

Want to hear the scary part?

Different apps and sites can recognize cookies as long as they share the same advertising networks. That’s why you might see ads about camping on Twitter after visiting your favorite camping blog.

Tracking pixels

Also known as web beacons or tags, tracking pixels embed themselves within a site, app, or marketing email.

Basically, this pixel is an invisible image that gathers information about user behavior. It keeps track of your viewed web pages, opened emails, and bought products.

When the pixel is loaded, it sends data back to the host. This can include things like your IP address, browser type, and operating system.

According to Facebook, its tracking pixel is an “analytics tool that allows you to measure the effectiveness of your advertising by understanding the actions people take on your website.”

TikTok does the same thing and tracks users that don’t even have TikTok accounts.

Profile info

It should come as no surprise that social networks leverage user-provided information to expand your shadow profile. They use your account details, interests, and friends.

By analyzing this info, social media platforms categorize you into specific demographics for ad targeting and other purposes.

Data brokers

Data brokers collect information from your public profiles, loyalty programs, surveys, and endless online and offline sources.

They then sell this information to social media sites and any other outfit with the dough to purchase it.

How do social media companies use your data?

There’s an old saying that if you aren’t paying for a product, then you’re the product. That’s the price of using social apps and sites for free.

Here are some of the ways they profit from your information:

Selling your data

Social media companies may sell your personal info to advertisers. They also maintain a back-and-forth partnership with ad networks and data brokers.

In fact, Facebook began buying data from ominous-sounding brokers like Datalogix, Epsilon, and Acxiom in 2013.

These partnerships create a feedback loop of user information that grows into larger and more valuable data sets.

Selling your identity?

Facebook argues that it doesn’t ‘sell data’ in the sense of: Here’s everything we know about Bob Smith in an Excel sheet.

But it does admit to ‘selling access.’ That’s a fancy way of saying: You can use our highly targeted algorithms to reach everyone who meets your hyper-specific criteria, including Bob Smith.

This is called non-personally identifiable information. Privacy policies often contain this word and claim your privacy isn’t endangered because they anonymize your data.

The system and its algorithms might know a user is:

  • 40 years old
  • Likes fishing
  • Uses Android 
  • Shops at Walmart
  • Drives a Prius
  • Accesses the internet with a certain IP address.  

However, there isn’t a human at Facebook or their partners that know this is actually Bob Smith.

The trouble is, while Facebook might not give away identifying information or link it together, partners like Acxiom will.

The firm’s Audience Operating System allows advertisers to tie together your single identity even across different usernames.

Content ranking algorithm

Social media platforms also use your data to give you more of what you want. This is the algorithm at work.

When endlessly scrolling Twitter, the content you see, including advertisers and users you don’t follow is curated via the algorithm.

This analyzes the type of accounts you follow, your engagement, and trends or hashtags relevant to your interests. It’s all mashed together with your advertising data to present your personal timeline.

Technical improvement

Developers utilize data to gain mass insight into user behavior, engagement metrics, and platform performance.

By analyzing data patterns, platforms can:

  • Identify trends
  • Measure the effectiveness of features
  • Make data-driven decisions to improve the overall user experience.

Still, it’s important to note that the specific data collected and its use can vary among social media platforms. Users should review each service’s privacy policies and settings to fully understand the situation.

How to stop social networks from collecting your data?

If you want to free your data from the spiderweb of social media tracking, here’s what you should do:

  1. Opt out and adjust privacy settings

    You should limit the visibility of your posts, profile information, and personal details in your privacy settings. This will help prevent data brokers and miners from scraping your information.
    Most social media platforms also provide options to control and customize ads. You can opt out of personalized or targeted advertising. This will reduce the amount of data collected about your preferences and interests.

  2. Clear cookies and browser data

    Regularly clear the cookies, cache, and history from your web browser. Social media platforms and other websites won’t have access to your stored data for tracking anymore.

  3. Try private browsing mode

    Your browser’s private mode helps prevent the storage of cookies and browsing history. In turn, that makes it harder for platforms to track your online activities.
    Even better, maybe switch to Brave – an entire browser designed to block ad tracking and maintain privacy.

  4. Use a VPN

    A VPN will take care of trackers that log your geographic location. It does this by encrypting your traffic and rerouting it through a server in another country.
    The best providers give you the choice of almost anywhere in the world. For example, if you’re located in the United States, you can fool trackers into thinking you’re in Europe.
    Furthermore, VPNs often come with ad blockers and safe search to automatically block tracking cookies.

  5. Use dummy data

    Even when you set your socials to private, the company itself still theoretically has access to them. One way to tackle this is to limit the personal info you sign up with.
    Consider using an alias instead of your real name, for example. You could also change your birthdate and hometown, or avoid filling out biographical fields altogether, if possible.  
    You should also be mindful of the brands you follow if you don’t want to be linked to them for advertising.

  6. Permanently delete your account

    You might want to deactivate your social media accounts to reduce your digital footprint. However, this can be a confusing process. Moreover, your shadow profile will still exist, even when your public one is closed.
    But before deactivating, you should try to remove your contact information first. That includes your mobile number, landline, or email address.
    Additionally, you should consider wiping your friends and liked pages

  7. Request your data

    Facebook and Twitter now have simple tools to download your own personal data. This might be useful when wiping and closing your account, so you can keep an offline copy.
    However, the information is mostly limited to what you already posted. It doesn’t contain any of the background info compiled for tracking purposes.
    Neither platform is cooperative when it comes to the EU’s GDPR legislation, which lets citizens request copies of all data.


So, how does social media track your data when you visit sites and apps? It mostly relies on cookies, tracking pixels, and partnerships with advertisers and data brokers.

While some information can enhance the user experience, it also raises concerns about privacy.

Therefore, you should use private browsing tools like VPNs and be smart about what you share online. And as a final resort, you can delete your accounts altogether. But even then, a shadow profile may still exist.

More about the topics: social media